Sunday, August 19, 2018

Advanced Practical Organic Chemistry




Organic chemistry is the study of the properties of the compounds of carbon that are organic. All carbon compounds except for a few inorganic carbon compounds are organic.Inorganic carbon compounds include the oxides of carbon, the bicarbonates and carbonates of metal ions, the metal cyanide,and a few others.

Advances in Kinetics and Mechanism of Chemical Reactions | Gennady E Zaikov DSc And Artur J M Valente PhD

Advances in Kinetics and Mechanism of Chemical Reactions describes the chemical physics and/or chemistry of 10 novel material or chemical systems. These 10 novel material or chemical systems are examined in the context of issues of structure and bonding, and/or reactivity, and/or transport properties, and/or polymer properties, and/or biological characteristics. This eclectic survey thus encompasses a special focus on The associated kinetics, reaction mechanisms and/or other chemical physics properties,of these 10 broadly chosen material or chemical systems. Thus, the most contemporary chemical physics methods and principles are applied to the characterization of the properties of these 10 novel material or chemical systems.

Biophysical Chemistry




There are three basic thermodynamic ideas that are now identified as laws,as they have been found to always be applicable. The “zeroth” law provides a definition of the key energetic parameter of an object: temperature.The first law defines the conservation of energy that we have just used. The second law defines how another key parameter, entropy, which defines the order of an object, can be used to understand how energy can be generated By allowing systems to become more disordered. The next few chapters discuss in detail how these rules can be used using certain mathematical relationships.

Chemical and Applied Engineering Materials Interdisciplinary Research and Methodologies | Maria Rajkiewicz

This new research book explores and discusses a range of topics on the physical and mechanical properties of chemical engineering materials. Chapters from prominent researchers in the fields of physics, chemistry and engineering science present new research on composite materials,blends,carbon nano-tubes,and nano-composites along with their applications in technology.Discussing the processing,morphology,structure, properties, performance, and applications,the book highlights the diverse and multidisciplinary nature of the field.

Chemical Engineering An Introduction

Chemical engineering as an academic discipline has always suffered from the fact that the things that chemical engineers do as professionals are not easily demonstrated in a way that conveys understanding to the general public, or even to engineering students who are just starting to pursue their technical courses. (Every secondary school student can relate to robots, bridges, computers, or heart-lung machines, but how do you easily convey the beauty and societal importance of an optimally designed pharmaceutical process or the exponential cost of improved separation?)The traditional introductory course in chemical engineering has usually been called something like “Material and Energy Balances,” and the course has typically focused on flow sheet analysis, overall mass balance and equilibrium calculations,and process applications of thermochemistry. Such courses rarely explore the scope of the truly challenging and interesting problems that occupy today’s chemical engineers.

Chemical Equations And Reactions

To know for certain that a chemical reaction has taken place requires evidence that one or more substances have undergone a change in identity.Absolute proof of such a change can be provided only by chemical analysis of the products. However, certain easily observed changes usually indicate that a chemical reaction has occurred.

Chemical Reaction Engineering Third Edition

Every industrial chemical process is designed to produce economically a desired product from a variety of starting materials through a succession of treatment steps. Figure 1.1 shows a typical situation. The raw materials undergo a number of physical treatment steps to put them in the form in which they can be reacted chemically. Then they pass through the reactor. The products of the reaction must then undergo further physical treatment-separations, purification, etc.for the final desired product to be obtained.

Chemistry Essential for Dummies by John T Moore

Where you go next really depends on you and your reason for using this book. If you’re having difficulty with a particular topic, go right to that chapter and section. If you’re a real novice,start at Chapter 1 and go from there. If you’re using the book for review, skim quickly starting at the beginning and read in more depth those topics that seem a little fuzzy to you. You can even use this book as a fat bookmark in your regular chemistry textbook.

Chemistry for Pharmacy Students General Organic and Natural Product Chemistry

The pharmacy profession and the role of pharmacists in the modern healthcare systems have evolved quite rapidly over the last couple of decades. The services that pharmacists provide are expanding with the introduction of supplementary prescribing, provision of health checks,patient counselling and many others. The main ethos of pharmacy profession is now as much about keeping people healthy as treating them when they are not well. The modern pharmacy profession is shifting away from a product focus and towards a patient focus. To cope with these changes, and to meet the demand of the modern pharmacy profession, the pharmacy curriculum, especially in the developed world, has evolved significantly. In the western countries, almost all registered pharmacists are employed by the community and hospital pharmacies. As a consequence, the practice, law, management, care, prescribing science and clinical aspects of pharmacy have become the main components of pharmacy curriculum.

Concise Physical Chemistry | Donald W. Rogers

Among many advantages of being a professional researcher and teacher is the pleasure of reading a new and good textbook that concisely summarizes the fundamentals and progress in your research area. This reading not only gives you the enjoyment of looking once more at the whole picture of the edifice that many generations of your colleagues have meticulously build but, most importantly, also enhances your confidence that your choice to spend your entire life to promote and contribute to this structure is worthwhile. Clearly, the perception of the textbook by an expert in the field is quite different, to say the least, from the perception of a junior or senior undergraduate student who is about to register for a class. A simple look at a textbook that is jam-packed with complex integrals and differential equations may scare any prospective students to death. On the other hand, eliminating the mathematics entirely will inevitably eliminate the rigor of scientific statements.

 

Dairy Chemistry and Biochemistry

The book assumes a knowledge of chemistry and biochemistry but not of dairy chemistry. As the title suggests, the book has a stronger biochemical orientation than either Principles of Dairy Chemistry or Dairy Chemistry and Physics. In addition to a fairly in-depth treatment of the chemistry of the principal constituents of milk, i.e. water, lactose, lipids, proteins (including enzymes), salts and vitamins, various more applied aspects are also covered,e.g. heat-induced changes, cheese, protein-rich products and the applications of enzymes in dairy technology. The principal physical properties are also described.

Fluid Flow for Chemical and Process Engineers | Dr R Bragg

In preparing the second edition of this book, the authors have been concerned to maintain or expand those aspects of the subject that are specific to chemical and process engineering.Organic chemistry is the subject dedicated to the study of a deceptively simple set of molecules—those based on carbon. Even today, centuries after the most basic governing principles of this subject were discovered, many students struggle to make sense of this science. At the university level, professors are often in a race against time to dispense the vast body of knowledge on organic chemistry to their students before semester’s end,Leaving little time for discussion of exactly how this information came to be known or of just how new experimentation might change the world we live in.

Foundations of Organic Chemistry

Organic chemistry is the subject dedicated to the study of a deceptively simple set of molecules—those based on carbon. Even today, centuries after the most basic governing principles of this subject were discovered,many students struggle to make sense of this science. At the university level, professors are often in a race against time to dispense the vast body of knowledge on organic chemistry to their students before semester’s end,leaving little time for discussion of exactly how this information came to be known or of just how new experimentation might change the world we live in.

Fundamentals of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics

The intended audience is sophomore/junior students in chemical engineering.The book is divided into two parts. Part I covers the laws of thermodynamics,with applications to pure fluids; Part II extends thermodynamics to mixtures, with emphasis on phase and chemical equilibrium. The selection of topics was guided by the realities of the undergraduate curriculum, which gives us about 15 weeks per semester to develop the material and meet the learning objectives.

Fundamentals of Chemical Reaction Engineering | MarkE.Davis and RobertJ.Davis

 

This book is an introduction to the quantitative treatment of chemical reaction engineering. The level of the presentation is what we consider appropriate for a one-semester course. The text provides a balanced approach to the understanding of: (1) both homogeneous and heterogeneous reacting systems and (2) both chemical reaction engineering and chemical reactor engineering. We have emulated the teachings of Prof. Michel Boudart in numerous sections of this text. For example, much of Chapters 1 and 4 are modeled after his superb text that is now out of print (Kinetics a/Chemical Processes), but they have been expanded and updated.

Fundamentals of Chemical Reaction Engineering

This book is an introduction to the quantitative treatment of chemical reaction engineering. The level of the presentation is what we consider appropriate for a one-semester course. The text provides a balanced approach to the understanding of: (1) both homogeneous and heterogeneous reacting systems and (2) both chemical reaction engineering and chemical reactor engineering. We have emulated the teachings of Prof. Michel Boudart in numerous sections of this text. For example, much of Chapters 1 and 4 are modeled after his superb text that is now out of print (Kinetics a/Chemical Processes), but they have been expanded and updated. Each chapter contains numerous worked problems and vignettes.

Fundamentals of Corrosion Mechanisms Causes and Preventative Methods Corrosion technology | Philip A Schweitzer

The purpose of this book is to provide engineers, designers, architects, and all those involved with the selection of construction materials some basic information concerning the causes, prevention, and control of corrosion. Corrosion is both costly and dangerous. Billions of dollars are spent annually For the replacement of corroded structures, machinery, and components. Premature failure of bridges Alternatively, structures due to corrosion can also result in human injury, loss of life, and collateral damage

Green Chemical Engineering an Introduction to Catalysis, Kinetics, and Chemical Processes | S. Suresh and S. Sundaramoorthy

The chemical industry, an important prime mover of economic growth and development of any nation, focuses on producing useful chemical products that are essential for meeting the high quality And standard of living demanded by humankind. Although the contribution of the chemical industry To wealth generation is well recognised, it is generally perceived as a major source of pollution and Environmental degradation. Chemical industries transform renewable and non-renewable chemical Resources available in nature into useful chemical products and in the process generate unwanted Side products that pollute the environment. Waste generated by these activities has slowly but surely Impacted the environment and,if left unchecked, has the potential to threaten the very existence Of humankind. Economic growth and development will become unsustainable unless the impact Of these activities on the environment is reduced or minimised. There is a growing need to devise New technologies and methods of chemical processing that generate little or no pollution and are benign to the environment.

Guidebook to Mechanism in Organic Chemistry

The present volume continues the tradition. Once again, the recent literature has been combed for new examples the better to exemplify principles of reaction of particular interest is an admirable chapter dealing with reaction controlled by orbital symmetry.

Heterocyclic Chemistry at a Glance Second Edition

The material in this book comprises an introduction to, and summary of, the most important ideas and principles of heterocyclic chemistry. We have attempted to encapsulate everything that a non-specialist, or beginning student, would need to know of the subject. At the same time, we believe that this book will serve as a good starting point for furthermore extensive study of the subject.

Illustrated Guide to Home Chemistry Experiments First Edition

Laboratory work is the essence of chemistry, and measurement is the essence of laboratory work. A hands-on introduction to real chemistry requires real equipment and real chemicals, and real, quantitative experiments. No existing chemistry set provides anything more than a bare start on those essentials, so the obvious answer is to build your own chemistry set and use it to do real chemistry.

Inorganic Chemistry | James E. House

When teaching a course in inorganic chemistry, certain core topics are almost universally included. In addition, there are numerous peripheral areas that may be included at certain schools but not at others depending on the interests and specialization of the person teaching the course.The course content may even change from one semester to the next. The effort to produce a textbook that presents coverage of a wide range of optional material in addition to the essential topics can result in a textbook for a one semester course that contains a thousand pages.Even a “concise”inorganic chemistry book can be nearly this long. This book is not a survey of the literature or a research monograph.  It is a textbook that is intended to provide the background necessary for the reader to move on to those more advanced resources.

Introduction to chemical reactor analysis second edition | R.E. Hayes and J.P. Mmbaga

Chemical kinetics and reactor design probably remain as the engineering specialization that separates the chemical engineer from other types of engineer. Detailed mastery of the subject is not, however, essential for the typical chemical engineering graduate at the Bachelor level, because only a few percent of such graduates become involved in research and design careers that involve complex chemical reaction engineering calculations. On the other hand, a significant number of chemical engineers are employed during some stage in their careers with responsibilities involving the operation of a chemical process plant; as process engineers they are expected to provide objective interpretations regarding reactor performance and means of improving its operation. In this regard some training in the area of chemical reaction engineering is essential to enable the understanding of  the factors that affect the performance of a chemical reactor, and thus to effect performance-enhancing measures. This book is thus directed to the majority of students who will be generalists, rather than the small minority who will become specialists in the art of reactor design.

Introduction to Chemicals from Biomass Second Edition | James Clark




The first decade of the twenty-first century saw the emergence of bio-fuels as a major, international and, as it developed, complex industry. It is quite likely that the second decade will not only see the maturing of the bio-fuels industry but also the emergence of a biochemicals industry that will hopefully learn from the strengths and weaknesses of bio-fuels. Key areas in bio-fuels that we can learn from include the need to avoid any competition with food (with a few possible exceptions for highly valuable and necessary non-food products such as specialty pharmaceuticals), the value of wastes as feed-stocks and the importance of valorising the whole crop including by-products. Second-generation bio-fuels,including bio-diesel from food waste and bio-alcohols from sugarcane bagasse, are already available and value chains have been developed for some by-products,notably for the glycerin produced in most bio-diesel production processes.Consumer concerns over the food versus (bio)fuel issue has also helped  encourage the development of standards that will soon cover all bio-based products, at least in Europe.

Laboratory Manual Organic Chemistry 241 4th Edition | Dr. Steven Fawl

A continuation of CHEM 240.  Introduction to NMR, IR, and Mass Spectroscopy.Chemical reactions and syntheses of aromatic, carbonyl, and amine compounds.  Special topics in carbohydrate, amino acid, and lipid chemistry.  Lab work includes simple and multi-step synthesis and spectral identification.

Nuclear Energy From Hell | Neeraj Jain

The government of India is promoting nuclear energy as a solution to the country’s future energy needs and is embarking on a massive nuclear energy expansion programme. It expects to have 20,000 MW nuclear power capacity on line by 2020 The Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) projected that India would have an astounding 275 GW of nuclear power capacity by 2050, which was expected to be 20 percent of India’s total projected electricity generation capacity by then and 63,000 MW by 2032 With the signing of the Indo-US Nuclear Deal  opening up the possibility of uranium and nuclear reactor imports, the Prime Minister stated in September 2009 that India could have an even more amazing 470 GW of nuclear capacity by 2050

Nuclear Engineering Handbook | Kenneth D. Kok

The purpose of this Handbook is to provide an introduction to nuclear power reactors, the nuclear fuel cycle, and associated analysis tools, to a broad audience including engineers,engineering and science students, their teachers and mentors, science and technology journalists,and interested members of the general public. Nuclear engineering encompasses all the engineering disciplines which are applied in the design, licensing, construction, and operation of nuclear reactors, nuclear power plants, nuclear fuel cycle facilities, and finally the decontamination and decommissioning of these facilities at the end of their useful operating life. The Handbook examines many of these aspects in its three sections.

Optimal Control for Chemical Engineers

This book is essentially a summary of important concepts I have learned in the last 16 years from the classroom, self-study, and research along with interaction with some great individuals including teachers, authors, peers, and students. The goal of this book is to provide a sufficiently detailed treatment of optimal control that will enable readers to formulate optimal control problems and solve them. With this emphasis, the book provides necessary mathematical analyses and derivations of important results. It is assumed that the reader is at the level of a graduate student

Organic Chemistry of Explosives

The Organic Chemistry of Explosives also provides a perspective on the possible applications of various energetic compounds, why they are interesting as explosives or propellant ingredients, and what advantages and disadvantages they might have compared to other energetic compounds. Finally, it provides insight into the many factors an energetic compound synthetic chemist must consider when designing new target compounds and presents the various criteria (performance, ease of synthesis, cost, sensitivity to external stimuli, and chemical and thermal stability) that define whether a given energetic compound will be useful to the energetic materials community.

Organizational Analysis and Safety for Utilities with Nuclear Power Plants

This two-volume report presents the results of initial research on the feasibility of applying organizational factors in nuclear power plant (NPP} safety assessment. Volume I of this report contains an overview of the literature, a discussion of available safety indicators, and a series of recommendations for more systematically incorporating organizational analysis into investigations of nuclear power plant safety. The six chapters of this volume discuss the major elements in our general approach to safety in the nuclear industry. The integration of these elements was undertaken in Volume I. Here, we go into each element in more detail.

Organic Chemistry Principles in Context

This book is anything but traditional. It opens with carbohydrate chemistry, a subject often relegated to the end of a beginning organic course because it is ‘so complicated’. Mark Green makes in a few beginning pages this “complicated”subject simplicity itself and moves effortlessly on into stereochemistry, organic reaction mechanisms and pretty much everything else that belongs in an organic chemistry course. The difference is that he tells organic chemistry as an adventure story.Everything is there. It’s fun. It’s interesting. It’s about chemistry and people and how it all came about and what it means. Surely this is why students (should) go to the university — to learn about ideas rather than only facts. The good student will learn organic chemistry the way it should be learned from this book. Curriculum committees are likely to find this book a square peg in a round hole. Maybe we need a bit more of that for good teaching.

Physical Science Grade 11

When you look at the matter, or physical substances, around you, you will realize that atoms seldom exist on their own. More often, the things around us are made up of different atoms that have been joined together. This is called chemical bonding. Chemical bonding is one of the most important processes in chemistry because it allows all sorts of different molecules and combinations of atoms to form, which then make up the objects in the complex world around us. There are, however, some atoms that do exist on their own, and which do not bond with others.

Principle of Organic Medicine Chemistry

However, several books are available on medicinal chemistry, the material in most of them is present in a diffused form or highly specialized.  In the ever expanding knowledge of the Chemistry of drugs it is very difficult to go through the various textbooks, journals, and Pharmacopoeias.  The major objective of writing this book is to present the information in a Lucid, condensed and cohesive form, to cater specially the needs of undergraduate and graduate students of pharmacy.

Principles of Chemical Engineering Processes Material and Energy Balances Second Edition | Nayef Ghasem and Redhouane Henda

The objective of this book is to introduce chemical engineering students to the basic principles and calculation techniques used in the field and to acquaint them with the fundamentals of the application of material and energy balances in chemical engineering. The book is mainly intended for Junior chemical engineers. It exposes them to problems in material and energy balances that arise in relation to problems involving chemical reactors. The focus is on single and multi-phase systems related to material and energy balances. This material is introduced in a manner that there will be little lecture content. Most of the material presented covers work on problem solving skills.The material intrusion theory is explained briefly and simply to make this book more user-friendly.Many examples are included and solved in a simple and understandable format that explains the Related theory.

Principles of Modern Chemistry, 6th Edition

When the first edition of Principles of Modern Chemistry appeared in 1986, the standard sequence of topics in honors and high-level mainstream general chemistry courses began with macroscopic descriptions of chemical phenomena and proceeded to interpret these in terms of molecular structure. This traditional “macro-to micro”approach has shifted in recent years, and today the central topics in these courses are chemical bonding and molecular structure. The relation of molecular structure to function and properties requires the introduction of molecular structure early in the course and the use of structural arguments in presenting the remaining topics.

Selected Experiments in Organic Chemistry Second Edition

The aim of this manual is to provide an adequate, basic coverage of experimental organic chemistry in a one-semester laboratory course.  It will therefore serve the needs of non-chemistry majors (pharmacy, biology, agriculture etc.) requiring an introductory course in experimental organic chemistry.  Chemistry majors may also benefit from this manual if it is used as an introductory course to be followed by more advanced laboratory Techniques and syntheses. The experiments are designed to familiarize students with techniques commonly used in the organic laboratory for identification, purification and separation of organic compounds. In addition, simple preparation experiments are included to demonstrate the chemical behavior among different classes of organic compounds.  The availability and cost of the chemicals were taken into consideration when choosing the experiments.

Status and Trends in Nuclear Education

This report is in response to the request of Member States. Its purpose is to support the development of policies and strategies in nuclear education. It provides a review of the status of nuclear education in over 30 Member States and educational networks while consolidating the best practices in nuclear education. The publication also provides recommendations, which could facilitate benchmarking, and improvements in and formulation of strategies, particularly for newcomer countries.This publication is applicable to decision makers from governments, academia, regulators, facility owners and operators and private industry. In addition, it is intended for practitioners in nuclear education in newcomer, ‘young’ and mature categories of countries in terms of the extent of nuclear power development.

Stress Corrosion Cracking in Light Water Reactors Good Practices and Lessons Learned

The IAEA Nuclear Energy Series comprises reports designed to encourage and assist R&D on and practical application of, nuclear energy for peaceful uses. This includes practical examples to be used by Member States, owners and operators of utilities, implementing organizations, academia, and government officials; among others. This information is presented in guides, reports on technology status and advances, and best practices for peaceful uses of nuclear energy based on inputs from international experts. The IAEA Nuclear Energy Series complements the IAEA Safety Standards.

Study of Energy Efficient Supercritical Coal Fired Power Plant Dynamic Responses and Control Strategies | OMAR R IBRAHIM MOHAMED

Power Plant Engineering is a sub-area of power system analysis that deals with the performance of power generation plants and their processes of energy conversions.Super-critical coal fired power station technology is considered to be one of the most advanced technologies which are expected to have good contributions into power generation and environment improvements. Super-critical power plants have a higher thermal efficiency, higher generation capacities, and lower environmental damage compared with the sub-critical boiler technology.  The challenge addressed in the thesis is  to study the dynamic response of a super-critical power plant and investigating the possible ways to enhance its responses.

Technology Roadmap Nuclear Energy

Awareness is growing on the need to turn political statements and analytical work into concrete action. To spark this movement, the International Energy Agency (IEA) is leading the development of a series of Road-maps for some of the most important technologies. By identifying the steps needed to accelerate the implementation of technology changes, these Road-maps will enable governments, industry and financial partners to make the right choices and in turn help societies to make the right decisions.

The Materials Science of Semiconductors

The intended audience of this book is senior undergraduate students and graduate students early in their careers or with limited background in the subject. I intend this book to be equally useful to those teaching in electrical engineering, materials science, or even chemical engineering or physics curricula, although the book is written for a materials science audience primarily. To try to maintain the focus on materials concepts the details of many of the derivations and equations are left out of the book. Likewise, I have not delved into the details of electrical engineering topics in as much detail as an electrical engineer might wish. It is assumed that students are familiar with these topics from earlier courses.

The Refinery of the Future By James G Speight

Over the past four decades, the refining industry has experienced significant changes in oil market dynamics, resource availability, and technological advancements.Advancements made in exploration, production, and refining technologies allow utilization of resources such as heavy oil and tar sand bitumen that were considered economically and technically unsuitable in the middle decades of the past century. To meet these challenges, it is imperative for refiners to raise their operations to new levels of performance. Merely extending today’s performance incrementally will fail to meet most company’s goals.

Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass for the Production of Energy and Chemicals | Anthony Dufour

In this book, the author particularly focus on the “lignocellulosic” biomass, which is mainly wood or agricultural residue such as straw (Figure I.1). This type of biomass is today abundantly available on Earth and its vaporization addresses important challenges for the development of sustainable energy and for mitigation of climatic changes.

Wine Chemistry and Biochemistry




The aim of this book is to describe chemical and biochemical aspects of winemaking which are currently being researched. The areas of most interest at present and the subjects in which this interest is likely to continue or to increase in the following Years have been selected. The first part of the book concerns the most important aspects of winemaking technology and microbiology. The second part, the most extensive, deals with the different groups of compounds, how these are modified during the various stepsof the production process, and how they influence the wine quality and its sensorial aspects and physiological activity. The third section describes undesirable alterations of wines, including those that affect quality and food safety. Finally, two aspects have been considered which have not yet been tackled in any other book on oenology – automatic analysers used in oenological laboratories for control and research purposes, and the statistical treatment of data. In this last subject, the author not only describes the tools available for analytical data processing but also indicates the most appropriate treatment to apply, depending on the information required. The chapter is illustrated throughout with examples from the oenological literature.